Greasy Pig Disease

 

Other names

Exudative epidermitis

Causal agent

Staphylococcus hyicus plus fighting

Age group

3-20 kg typically.  A chronic form may be seen in adults.

 

At any age wounds that do not heal properly may have a localized region of greasy pig disease

Clinical signs

Classic Picture

Newly weaned pig suddenly presents covered in patches of dirty brown greasy wet skin.  The hair is matted and may become a gray colour.  The condition extends rapidly, covering the whole body.  The pig stops eating and drinking and becomes very dehydrated.  After a week to 10 days the pig may be found dead.

Chronic

The pig presents with patches 3-5 cm of the above skin condition but the disease does not spread.  The condition is most common/severe affecting the upper neck and hind legs - areas where the pig’s fight

Piglet

Facial necrosis is a form of greasy pig disease associated with poor milk output resulting in excessive fighting between the piglets and damage to the face

Adults

A chronic black spotty appearance on the back and neck of sows is often associated with Staph. hyicus.

Infectivity

 

Nearly all pigs carry Staph. hyicus on their skin. 

Infection is from the mothers shortly after birth.  Infection can even occur during birth

Post-mortem Lesions

 

A severe if local exudative epidermitis. 

In severe acute cases lymph nodes may be swollen and abscessed.


 

Diagnosis

 

Clinical examination of the animal

Culture relatively meaningless as culture from normal skin also positive

Treatment

 

Individual

Isolate and place in compromised pig pen

 

Inject with a staphylococcus active antimicrobials which concentrate in the skin – lincomycin for example

 

Wash pig in Savlon or other disinfectant.  Ideally with Lanolin in the wash to soothe the skin

 

Inject with multivitamins

 

Provide ad lib water through cube drinkers and if necessary provide extra water by mouth.  The animals are quite dehydrated.  Note a pig may drink 1 litre per 10 kg, therefore a couple of syringe fulls will not be significant

 

Provide heat from a light source and clean dry straw

 

Control

Greasy pig disease is the end result of fighting

 

Review all causes of fighting and increased aggression

Fighting over water

 

Check feed space availability

 

Check water supply number of drinkers and speed of flow

 

Check for draughts and piling

Fighting over feed space

 

On rare occasions it has been necessary to change genetics to a more sociable pig

 

Reduce mixing and moving

 

Check fly control in particular look for biting flies – Ophyra calcitrans

 

In herd ‘outbreaks’ it is possible to control by adding lincomycin to the water supply together with a sweetener to encourage the pigs to drink

 

Control mange on the farm

 

Ensure feedback adequate - especially to control cases in farrowing house.

Review colostrum mangement

Common differentials

 

 

Severe Pityriasis rosea, parakeratosis associated with zinc deficiency

Mineral deficiencies – generally a milling mistake

 

Zoonotic implications

 

 

There are no zoonotic implications